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Patient Information

Active Cycle of Breathing Technique (ACBT)

https://kingstonhospital.nhs.uk/information/active-cycle-of-breathing-technique-acbt

ACBT (Active Cycle of Breathing Technique) will help clear secretions (sputum) from your chest.

It is a set of breathing exercises that loosens and moves secretions up out of your lungs. It uses different types of breaths which are repeated in a cycle until your chest feels clear.

Coughing alone can be tiring and ineffective.

Parts of the ACBT

Relaxed breathing
Shoulders relaxed, abdomen gently rises with each breath in.

Deep breathing
Breathe in deeply expanding your lower chest, holding for 3 secs.

Huff
A breath out with your mouth open (steaming up a mirror). There are 2 types:

            First, long: take a normal breath in and a long ‘squeezy’ breath out.

            Then, short: take a deep breath in and a short sharp breath out

Cough
Try to only cough when you feel the secretions are ready to be cleared

Typical cycle

Position yourself in whatever position seems to help clear most secretions (for example, sitting upright)

Repeat as often as needed to help clear your secretions. If you have an infection, you will need to do it more often.
Three deep breaths every half hour will help you check if you have secretions.

Stop once you have done 2 cycles without any secretions or when you are tired.


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Accessibility Please contact the Patient Experience Team on 020 8934 3850 if you need this information in a different format.
For information accessibility please visit Kingston Hospital AccessAble www.accessable.co.uk/kingston-hospital-nhs-foundation-trust
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Please speak to a member of staff before or during your visit to the hospital if you require translation support to access Patient Information. Please ring the phone number on your appointment letter, if you have one.

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Accessibility

Please contact the Patient Experience Team on 020 893 3850 if you need this information in a different format.
For detailed information on accessibility at Kingston Hospital visit Kingston Hospital AccessAble (https://www.accessable.co.uk/kingston-hospital-nhs-foundation-trust).


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