Urinary Tract Infection in Children

Around 1 in 10 girls and 1 in 30 boys will have had a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) by the age of 16 years

Most UTI’s can be managed in the community with oral antibiotics.

Risk factors for urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and young people include:

  • Age below one year.
    • Female sex — however, in the first three months of life, UTI is more common in boys than girls. 
    • Previous UTI  
    • Voiding dysfunction (eg. With neurogenic bladder, constipation)
    • Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), family history of VUR or renal disease.
    • Sexual activity  (NB: Sexual abuse can cause urinary symptoms, but infection is uncommon)

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